We, on daily basis, go through shocks and pains of various events occurring around us; physical and psychological. The deep pain of distress or discomfort due to disturbing experiences or by serious and major physical injury is called trauma. The majority of the world’s population is suffering from the trauma of some cause. Most of the trauma cases that are registered on daily basis are MAJOR (PHYSICAL) TRAUMA. Major trauma is an injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or even death. Many events can trigger physical trauma; like falling, being in a motor vehicle accident, getting stabbed or penetrated by sharp or blunt objects and projectiles. Injuries and physical trauma can happen anywhere on the human body but most of the damage affects the skull, neck, nose, and chest. The primary pain point of these injuries is more on the facial region followed by the torso and abdominal region.
People going through physical trauma do recover quickly. Though the recovery depends on the severity of the injury the probability of recovery to normalcy is more than getting disabled or amputated. Physical trauma can also have some psychological effects on the victim. People who are involved in motor vehicle accidents tend to have more psychological effects as the injury point are mainly on their head or, in the case of driving with a co-passenger, witnessing them getting injured can put a lot of pressure on them.
Primary procedures to diagnose and cure trauma are:
i) Physical examination: Injuries caused by accidents or penetration of blunt and sharp objects are tend to cause more external injures than internal. Therefore the diagnosis can be done just by looking through it. These kinds of occurrences are quite common therefore there are multiple governments and private emergency trauma centres, meant to deal with these kinds of events.
ii) Surgical Techniques: This kind of diagnosis is meant for injury caused by blunt objects to the torso or brain areas. These injuries can unstable the steady flow of fluids or can cause some severe internal bleeding and can’t be cured in any other possible way but surgery. Therefore the treatment options are generally surgical unless a doctor advises otherwise.